A history of the name
Update: In February 2011, my dad discovered a posting for the marriage of Moses Gallihugh to Sary in 1779 in Scotland. Documents from Madison County Virginia show Thomas to be the wife of Sary, listed with the same children as in the posting from Scotland (presumably a transcription error). But, it appears from this information that Thomas and Sary were the first immigrants to America, coming from Lanark, Glasgow, Scotland! (posted in LDS library).
Research to date indicates that all of the Gallihughs living in the United States can be traced back to a Thomas Gallihue, whom I found during a research trip to Madison County, Virginia in 2000. His "X" was listed for his signature on "parental letter of consent for daughter to marry" for two of his daughters (Hannah and Nancy); an indication he was unable to write. I have found no other listings of Thomas in the censuses or in other documents. His wife, Sary (Sarah), has more listings in the records. Sary's last name was spelled with several variations over a period of many years. On the marriage licenses for her daughters Hannah and Nancy, it was spelled Gallehugh; on the 1810 Census, it was spelled Gallohugh; on the 1820 Census, it was spelled Gallihugh; and spelled Gallehue at other times.
Likewise, Elijah, who was one of Thomas' four sons, had his name spelled in various ways. On the 1820 Census, it was Gullehugh; on the 1850 Census, it was Galahugh; on a Deed, it was Gallahue; and on an 1855 Will and another Deed, it was Gallihugh.
Additional research reveals that the Virginia Taxpayers 1782-7 Record lists a Charlotte and a Rachael Gallahue in Prince William County. The 1785 Virginia Enumeration lists a Soloman Gallehew in Stafford County.
Several marriage license in the later part of the 1800's listed the children who married as Gallehugh, while at the same time, listed their parents Gallihugh. The (e) and (I) appear to be interchangeable. Consequently, it is readily apparent that Gallihugh, like most other last names, has been spelled with numerous variations over the ages. Primarily due to the lack of education. Many years ago, people tended to spell names the way they sounded. However, the spelling of Gallihugh with an (I) seems to become prevalent during the early 1800's. At some point in time, a Census taker, County Clerk, etc., began spelling it Gallihugh. Eventually, the spelling as we know it took hold and has continued to this day, with our western relatives tending to spell it Gallehugh..
It seems peculiar that only one individual with the last name similar to Gallihugh has ever emigrated to the United States. There are other Gallihughs from that time period, whom I've not yet connected to all of Thomas' descendents. This is very evident with Elijah and his youngest brother, Isaac, and their descendants. As far as can be determined, Elijah's and Isaac's two other brothers, Moses and (?)Marion left no descendants